One of the most important problems faced in the national development is how to deal with the trade-off between meeting the needs of development and the efforts to maintain environmental sustainability (Fauzi, 2004). Natural resource-based national development that does not take care of the aspects of environmental sustainability will ultimately have a negative impact on the environment itself since basically natural resources and the environment have limited carrying capacity. In other words, development that does not pay attention to the capacity of natural resources and the environment causes new problems.
The concept of sustainable development has long been a concern of experts. However, the term sustainability has just emerged several decades ago, although attention to sustainability has already started when Malthus in 1798 was worried about the availability of land in England due to a rapid population explosion.
A century and a half later, this concern for sustainability were getting more attention after Meadow and friends in 1972 published a publication entitled The Limit to Growth (Meadowet al., 1972). They conclude that, the growth in every aspect of life was severely limited by the availability of resources natural. With the availability of limited natural resources, the flow of goods and services produced from natural resources will not always be able to be done continuously.
Factually, this condition becomes a strategic issue for rolling out critical cross-scientific discussions to achieve environmental sustainability. This agenda is also a challenge to the concept of multi-disciplinary neo-classical development which is a conventional development concept that has been known. It is stated that sustainable development is one that meets the needs of the present without comprimising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs, or sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the right to meet the needs of future generations. Sustainable development is a human effort to improve the quality of life while still trying not to go beyond the ecosystem that supports life.
Based on the above background, the Department of Social Science Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat will hold the 2nd International Conference on Social Science Education in 2020 with the theme “Promoting Environmental Sustainability through Social Sciences Perspective”.